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Confederate Military History
Causes of the War

This set was written by distinguished men of the South, producing a work which truly portrays the times and issues of the Confederacy. It was edited by Gen. Clement A. Evans of Georgia.

Two volumes--the first and the last--comprise such subjects as the justification of the Southern States in seceding from the Union and the honorable conduct of the war by the Confederate States government; the history of the actions and concessions of the South in the formation of the Union and its policy in securing the existing magnificent territorial dominion of the United States; the civil history of the Confederate States, supplemented with sketches of the President, Vice-President, cabinet officers and other officials of the government; Confederate naval history; the morale of the armies; the South since the war, and a connected outline of events from the beginning of the struggle to its close. We have combined these two volumes into one "Causes of the War" volume.

There are also individual volumes for each state: Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky Missouri, Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas & Florida. An additional volume covers the Confederate Navy.

Each state being treated in a separate history allows space for details concerning its peculiar story, its own devotion, its own heroes, and its battlefields. These volumes contain information on each unit; where, when, and by whom the unit was formed. There are also some Rosters.

Table of Contents

Hon. J. L. M. Curry, LL. D. Legal Justification Of The South In Secession

William R. Garrett, The South As A Factor In The Territorial Expansion Of The United States

CHAPTER I. Territorial Expansion a Distinctive Feature in the History of the United States--The South a Leading Factor in this Policy

CHAPTER II. The Extension of the Territory of the United States from tile Alleghany Mountains to the Mississippi River and North of the Ohio River

CHAPTER III. Hostilities with France and the Acquisition of Louisiana

CHAPTER IV. The Second War with Great Britain--Spanish Complications---Spain Cedes Florida, and Her Claims to Oregon

CHAPTER V. Annexation of Texas--War with Mexico--Mexican Cessions--Oregon Treaty with Great Britain

CHAPTER VI. Confederate War--Acquisition of Alaska

Brig.-Gen. Clement A. Evans. The Civil History Of The Confederate States

CHAPTER I. The Settlement of 1850--Previous Sectional Questions--Origin of the Terms North and South--Extent of "Old South"--Sectional Rivalries--Slaveholding Nearly Universal--Objected to by the South and Insisted on by the Slave Traders--"Profit and Loss" and not Conscience-- Causes which Necessitate the Confederate States

CHAPTER II. First Organized Attack--Garrison the Original and Able Representative--Politicians Embrace Sectionalism --National Rebuke and Fight Against the Greatness of the Union by the Sectionalists--Secession Threatened--Mexican War and its Results--Sudden and Fierce Attacks on Southern Policy in 1849-50--The South's Pacific Sentiment-- Union Imperiled by Men of Sectional Views--Clay and Webster, Douglas and Davis Work Together for a National Settlement--The Compromise of 1850

CHAPTER III. Political Alignment in 1852--Democrat, Whig and Freesoiler--The Settlement of 1850 Ratified--Pierce President--Nullification Measures in Northern States-- Renewal of Agitation by Freesoilers---Shadows Showing a Coming Event--Sectional Discord Necessary to the Freesoil Faction--Kansas Troubles and Emigrant Aid Societies--The Shaping of a Party Strictly Northern--Local Successes

CHAPTER IV. Sectional Convention of 1856 -- Aggressive Assault on the Union by the Fremont Party--Its Strength Alarms the South--"All New England Solid"--Southern Vote Given to National Northern Men--Buchanan Elected by Only Nineteen States--The Election Endorsed the Compromise of 1850--Kansas Agitation Renewed by the Sectionalists--Democratic Leaders Divide the Party--Lincoln and Douglas--The Union Imperiled for Party Success--The Crisis Impending--Disunion Becoming Evident--John Brown's Raid a Result of Methodic Madness--Pulpit, Press and Platform Stir Up Passions--Helper's Impending Crisis Reinforces Uncle Tom's Cabin

CHAPTER V. The Agitators of Sectionalism Combine in 1859 --The Constitutional Unionists Divide--The South Unable to Control the Question--Resolutions of Mr. Davis, 1860-- Platforms, Nominations and Canvass for the Presidency-- National Union Sentiment Overthrown--Mr. Lincoln Elected--The Fixed Sectional Majority of States Attained..

CHAPTER VI. The Effect Produced by the Presidential Contest of 1860--Northern Recoil from the Yawning Bloody Chasm--Commercial Interest--Southern Alarm--Southern Efforts to Avoid Secession--Rally of the Northern Extrem-ists--Buchanan's Perplexity--Beginning of Federal Movements to Hold the South by Force--Secession Movements in the South

CHAPTER VII. Yet Four Months of Power--Buchanan's Vacillation-Opinion Against Coercion--Scott Proposes Force-- Major Anderson Instructed--Reinforcement of Sumter Considered-United States Congress Takes Up the Crisis--Crittenden, Stephens and Davis in and out of Congress Plead for an Adjustment--Committee of Thirty-three and Committee of Thirteen

CHAPTER VIII. Vigorous Work to Strengthen Fort Sumter --Cabinet Officers Resign--Buchanan's Policy Looks Warlike--Seward Calls Secession a Humbug--Lincoln Instructs Against Compromise--Election in South Carolina and Secession Ordinance Passed--Commissioners from South Carolina Sent to Washington--Anderson's Strategy in Moving from Fort Moultrie an Act of War--Lincoln in December Advises Scott to Hold the Forts or Retake Them--Failure of Peace Measures in Congress--The Dark Day.

CHAPTER IX. Policy Foreshadowed in December, 1860--Warlike Preparations--Star of the West Hired to Reinforce Sumter--southern Leaders Grow Hopeless of Peace-- Northern Leaders Oppose Compromise--Crittenden, Davis, Toombs and Others Urge Conciliation--Virginia to the Rescue--Border States Declare Against Coercion--Secession of Several States--Peace Congress--"Peace Hath No Victories".

CHAPTER X. Delegates of Seceded States Meet in Montgomery-Adoption by Convention of a Provisional Government --Election of Officers--Inauguration of Mr. Davis as President-Measures Adopted--Commissioners Sent to Washington and to Foreign Countries--The Constitution of the Confederate States of America

CHAPTER XI. President Lincoln's Inauguration--Military Display--Cabinet--Confederate Commissioners at Washington--Mr, Seward's Double Dealing with Them--The Fort Sumter Reinforcement Question

CHAPTER XII. The Fight for Forts--Proceedings Against Fort Sumter--The South Deluded--The Astute Scheme to Reinforce--The Fleet, the Demonstration, the Surrender--Purpose to Put the South in a False Position

CHAPTER XIII. Lincoln's Call for 75,000 Volunteers---Responses of Governors -- Confederate Preparations for Defense--Political Effect in the North--Confederate Congress Summoned to Meet--Letters of Marque--Blockade--Measures of Confederate Congress

CHAPTER XIV. Confederate War Policy--President Davis' Proclamation--Sympathy for Maryland--Virginia Forces Organized by Lee--Federals Cross the Potomac--Confederate Government Transferred to Richmond--Congress of the Confederate States and the United States---Messages--Perplexing Questions--Foreign Affairs

CHAPTER XV. Comparison of Resources--The Advance toward Richmond--Curious Story of the First Manassas Told in the Records--The Discomfiture Turned to Political Advantage--Confederate Flags in Full View from Washington --Question of Offensive or Defensive War--Additional Commissions from the Confederacy to Europe--Acts of Confederate Congress--The Trent Affair

CHAPTER XVI. Character of the Confederate Government-- Message of the President--Congressional Debates on War Policy--Use of Cotton, Tobacco, etc.--Foreign Affairs-- Peace Resolutions--Free Trade Defeated

CHAPTER XVII. Second Session of Congress--Message-- Bills Introduced--Discussions of Military Events--Lincoln's First Emancipation Proclamation--Retaliation--Sequestration-California and Oregon--Counterfeit Money--Commissions to Washington to Propose Peace--The Loan--Important Bills--Appropriations

CHAPTER XVIII. Emancipation Proclamation--The Necessity of It--Effect--The Southern View---Negro Enrollment in Northern Armies--Meeting of Confederate Congress-- Message--Debates--Resolutions--Army Movements--The Confederate Situation

CHAPTER XIX. Mediation Attempted--Foreign Affairs-- Peace Spirit--Prisoners of War--Amnesty on Conditions-- Reconstruction on a War Basis--Close of 1863

CHAPTER XX. Exchanges--Prisons and Prisoners--Andersonville in the South--Elmira, Johnson's Island and Fort Delaware in the North--Confederate Government Not Responsible for Difficulties of Exchange

CHAPTER XXI. Armies East and West--United States Congress-Message of President Lincoln--The Confederate States Congress--Message of President Davis--No Sign of Yielding--A Male Citizens in the South Enrolled--Other Acts of Congress--Politics in the United States--Thirteenth Amendment Proposed--A Peace Movement--War Preparations-Confederate Victories

CHAPTER XXII. Political Battle of 1864 in the North--Peace Currents--Southern Peace Movements--War or Peace Discussed in United States Congress--The Situation in July--Niagara Conference

CHAPTER XXIII. Re-Survey, Military and Political--Radical Convention in May--Republican Convention in June-- Southern View of Northern Politics--Failure of the Armistice-Peace Propositions Ignored--National Democratic Convention in August--Southern Desire for McClellan's Election--The Canvass for Presidency--Lincoln Reelected

CHAPTER XXIV. Confederate Congress, November, 1864-- Message--Question of Enrolling Negroes in Southern Service--Measures of the Congress--Negotiations for Peace Proposed by Congress

CHAPTER XXV. Mission of Mr. Blair--Davis and Lincoln Exchange Letters through Blair--Failure of Blair Discussed --The Hampton Roads Conference

CHAPTER XXVI. Military Disparities--Wise on the Part of the South to Refuse Unconditional Surrender--Why the Final Fight was Made--Closely Allied Military and Civil Events--Last Message of President Davis to Congress-- Last Acts of Congress--Patriotic Act of Virginia and Other States--Grant Breaks the Lines at Last--Richmond Evacuated-The President and Cabinet Move to North Carolina and Georgia--Capture of the President--Assassination of President Lincoln--Malicious Prosecution of President Davis--The Dissolution of the Confederate States of America


Confederate Military History


Causes of the War
Vol. 1
Hon. J. L. M. Curry, LL.D.
737 pgs.

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Paperback - $75.00
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